The rational choice theory is based on the assumption that before choosing to commit a crime, the criminal considers personal factors or motivation for the crime, such as their immediate need for benefits, revenge, or excitement, and also situational factors, such as the severity of the consequences and the risk of apprehension.
Rational Choice Theory became one of the most popular concepts which support the deterrence philosophy. Although, the association between those two theories was welcomed by many, it also had its critiques and opponents. In this paper, I will explain how and to what degree, Rational Choice Theory supports the concept of deterrence.
Rational Choice Theory generally began with consideration of the choice behavior of one or more individual decision making units; choice can be controlled through the perception and understanding of the potential pain or punishment that will follow an act judged to be in violation of the social good and the social contract.Rational decision theory is based on the fundamental tenets of classical criminology, which hold that people freely choose their conduct and are enthusiastic by the prevention of pain and the quest for pleasure. Individuals evaluate their very own choice of actions in accordance with each option’s ability to produce edge, pleasure and happiness.Rational choice theory is much more broad and general than deterrence theory because it includes many other factors besides the risk of formal and informal sanctions. The theories are alike, however, in the assumption that human beings are rational and self-interested beings who are affected by the consequences of their actions.
This modernized view of the classical school of criminology is now known as the rational choice theory and is used to explain why criminals commit crimes. According to the rational choice theory, criminals are people who share the same goals and ambitions as ordinary citizens, but choose to obtain those goals by illegitimate means.Read More
In other words, critics of this theory say that this is not how people think. A further criticism is that rational choice theorists have been content to use close-enough approximations of human.Read More
Rational choice theory “states that people will make rational decisions based on the extent to which they expect the choice to maximize or minimize their profits or benefits and minimize the costs and losses” (Akers et al, 2017). In classical criminology people believed that offenders calculated the rewards and punishments before offending.Read More
Rational Choice Theory Essay.The Rational Choice Theory states that crime is a rational decision to violate any law. It is made for many reasons, such as greed, revenge, need, anger, lust, jealousy, thrill-seeking or vanity. This theory has been passed down through many different time periods.Read More
Rational choice theory, also known as choice theory or rational action theory, is a framework for understanding and often formally modeling social and economic behavior. The basic premise of rational choice theory is that aggregate social behavior results from the behavior of individual actors, each of whom is making their individual decisions.Read More
Stemming from the classical theory, the rational choice theory, asserts that crime is a choice that is made based on the costs and befits associated with it. As a rational being, a criminal will engage in crime if the benefits are high (Cote, 2002). However, he will avoid crime if the costs are high. Thus, crime can be prevented if the costs of committing it are certain and immediate. The.Read More
Criminology Essay Topics on the site topicsmill.com! Top 233 Criminology Essay Ideas of 2020 that we will share with you for your perfect essay paper.Read More
The rational-choice theory would provide a logical reason for the causes of crime while the deterrence theory would form a basis of ways of preventing the crimes. Therefore, a combination of these theories into one would be prudent.Read More
According to rational choice theory, “crime is a function of a decision-making process in which the potential offender weighs the potential costs and benefits of an illegal act” (Siegel 84). This means that the criminal is not committing a crime as an emotional outburst, but rather evaluates the risks of failing and the ability to succeed before taking action. Therefore, a person stays out.Read More